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Bee Bread

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A combination of pollen and nectar or honey is called bee bread. The majority of the food consumed by honey bee workers and larvae comes from this material. Depending on the plants that the bees feed on, the precise make-up of the bee bread changes. This not only varies geographically, but also with the passing of the years, the season, and even the hour of the day.

Researchers have discovered that the bees supplement the bee bread with extra secretions and microorganisms (such as bacteria and mould). These additives aid in the breakdown of certain pollen and the release of nutrients like amino acids.​

 

Bee bread is also known as: Ambrosia and Bees Pollen.

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Bee Bread Exhibits Higher Antimicrobial Potential Compared to Bee Pollen
Karolina Pełka, Olga Otłowska, Randy W Worobo, Piotr Szweda
DOI: 10.3390/antibiotics10020125

Biological Properties of Bee Bread Collected from Apiaries Located across Greece
Nikos Asoutis Didaras, Ioannis Kafantaris, Tilemachos G. Dimitriou, Chrysanthi Mitsagga, Katerina Karatasou, Ioannis Giavasis, Dimitris Stagos, Grigoris D. Amoutzias, Fani Hatjina,6 and Dimitris Mossialos1, Piotr Szweda

DOI: 10.3390/antibiotics10050555

Hive-stored pollen of honey bees: many lines of evidence are consistent with pollen preservation, not nutrient conversion

KIRK E. ANDERSON, MARK J . CARROLL, TIM SHEEHAN, BRENDON M. MOTT, PATRICK MAES and VANESSA CORBY-HARRIS

DOI: 10.1111/mec.12966

Novel solid-state fermentation of bee-collected pollen emulating the natural fermentation process of bee bread Raffaella Di Cagnoa, Pasquale Filanninob, Vincenzo Cantatoreb, Marco Gobbettia

DOI: 10.1016/j.fm.2019.02.007

Pollen and bee bread as new health-oriented products: A review

Marek Kieliszek, Kamil Piwowarek, Anna M. Kot, Stanisław Błażejak, Anna Chlebowska-Śmigiel, Iwona Wolska

Beehive products: source of nutrients and natural biologically active compounds

Otilia Bobiş, L.A. Mărghitaş, D. Dezmirean, Victoriţa Bonta, Cristina Manuela Mihai

Microbiology of pollen and bee bread: the yeasts

Martha Gilliam

DOI: 10.1051/apido:19790106

Antioxidant activity and angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibition by enzymatic hydrolysates from bee bread
Takeshi Nagai 1, Toshio Nagashima, Nobutaka Suzuki, Reiji Inoue
DOI: 10.1515/znc-2005-1-224

Bee Collected Pollen and Bee Bread: Bioactive Constituents and Health Benefits
Rodica Mărgăoan, Mirela Stranț, Alina Varadi, Erkan Topal, Banu Yücel, Mihaiela Cornea-Cipcigan, Maria G Campos, Dan C Vodnar
DOI: 10.3390/antiox8120568

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